Gauze, the woven cotton used as dressing for wounds, sometimes called trauma pads, is a staple of first aid treatment and first aid kits.
Trauma pads are the most common gauze first aid product. These are good for treating bleeding and they can easily be replaced.
Gauze is also used in the making of swabs that absorb blood around wounds, helping to keep the wound clean while medical treatment, such as sutures, are applied. Gauze can also be combined with cotton batting for extra absorbency in such cases, as long as the cotton batting is wrapped in the gauze or other materials to keep the wound clean. Never use cotton batting on the wound directly, the fibers will get into the wound and infect it.
In cases of severe bleeding or deep wounds, be certain to get prompt and proper medical attention.
Wraps, sometimes called tensor bandages, elastic bandages or compression bandages can be used in conjunction with bandaging or gauze to stem bleeding. This should be done only in emergency and with awareness of the dangers to circulation.
Wraps can also be applied to swellings due to strains or sprains. There are special ways to properly wrap these injuries. Get advice from a physician or qualified physiotherapist before wrapping any injury for any time. Ice the swelling for a few hours first.
Tape is good for wrapping blisters, cuts, scrapes and other wounds. Common household bandages employ tape, and to properly wrap larger wounds tape is to be employed in a relatively similar fashion to this. A well taped wound will heal faster and cleaner than an open wound, provided it can breathe. Tape is especially essential to sports first aid kits and outdoor first aid kits.
Several kinds of tapes have different effects: